THÌ CỦA ĐỘNG TỪ

THÌ CỦA ĐỘNG TỪ

Nội dung bài học
Chú ý 1: Trạng từ chỉ thời gian diễn tả quá khứ
Chú ý 2: Trạng từ chỉ thời gian diễn tả tương lai
Chú ý 3: Trường hợp phải dùng thì hiện tại
Bài tập luyện
Bài tập kiểm tra
Chú ý 1: TRẠNG TỪ CHỈ THỜI GIAN DIỄN TẢ QUÁ KHỨ
Chọn câu đúng.
1. a. Kathy will send an e-mail last week.
b. Kathy sent an e-mail last week.
2. a. Kathy provided a free meal yesterday.
b. Kathy provides a free meal yesterday.
Đúng:
Kathy sent an e-mail last week.
Kathy provided a free meal yesterday.
Trạng từ chỉ thời gian ở quá khứ
=> động từ được chia ở thì quá khứ

Ngữ pháp bổ sung

Các trạng từ được dùng ở thì quá khứ:
yesterday
last ~ : last week, last month, last year
~ ago: a week ago, a year ago, ten years ago
Pierce submitted the document yesterday / last week / a week ago
Bài tập 1:
1. Mr. Kim (will attend/ attended) the conference last year.
2. The company (conducted/ will conduct) the survey two weeks ago.
3. I (included/ include) the report in my e-mail yesterday.
4. J&J (held/ will hold) a press conference a month ago here.
5. Early last week, we (will inspect/ inspected) the quality of the products.
Bài tập 2:
1. Ms. Helen________transferred to the Chicago branch last week.
(A) is (B) will be
(C) has been (D) was
2. The sales manager________our company six years ago.
(A) will join (B) joined
(C) joins (D) is joining
3. The money________deposited in the bank last Friday.
(A) was (B) is
(C) has been (D) will be
4. The City Hall________constructed in 1945.
(A) were (B) was
(C) is (D) will be
5. He________elected as vice president of our company in the last week’s meeting.
(A) is (B) was
(C) will be (D) were
Chú ý 2: TRẠNG TỪ CHỈ THỜI GIAN DIỄN TẢ TƯƠNG LAI
Chọn câu đúng:
1. a. Kathy will work next Saturday.
b. Kathy worked next Saturday.
2. a. Kathy delivered good news tomorrow.
b. Kathy will deliver good news tomorrow.
Đúng:
Kathy will work next Saturday.
Kathy will deliver good news tomorrow
Trạng từ chỉ thời gian ở tương lai => động từ cũng ở thì tương lai
Ngữ pháp bổ sung
Các trạng từ được dùng ở thì tương lai:
tomorrow
next ~ : next week: tuần sau / next month :tháng sau/ next year :năm sau
Pierce will submit the document tomorrow/ next week/ next month/ next year.
Bài tập 3:
1. I (submitted/ will submit) the proposal in person next week.
2. During next week’s seminar, the managers (will discuss/ discusses) the problem.
3. The company (constructed/ will construct) a new assembly plant next year.
4. There (was/ will be) an orientation for new employees tomorrow morning.
5. We will (implement/ implemented) a new vacation policy as of next month.
Bài tập 4:
1. Ms. Jin__________from her trip next week.
(A) returned (B) returns (C) to return (D) will return
2. The manager__________with the president tomorrow.
(A) will meet (B) met (C) meets (D) meeting
3. The bank __________ interest rates next month.
(A) raises (B) is raising (C) will raise (D) raised
4. The economy __________ from the recession next year.
(A) will recover (B) recovers (C) recovered (D) is recovering
5. Effective next week, Mr. Park __________ in charge of the sales department.
(A) is (B) will be (C) be (D) was
Chú ý 3: TRƯỜNG HỢP PHẢI DÙNG THÌ HIỆN TẠI
Với thì hiện tại, ngoài việc nhận biết thông qua trạng từ chỉ thời gian, ta còn có thể nhận biết qua ý
nghĩa của câu
TRƯỜNG HỢP DÙNG THÌ HIỆN TẠI
 Khi diễn tả sự thật nói chung
 Khi diễn tả một sự việc lặp đi lặp lại hay một thói quen
 Trường hợp khác
1. Khi diễn tả sự thật nói chung
Ex: Managers spend considerable time training new employees
Manager: giám đốc, quản lý
Spend time (in) + V-ing: dành thời gian để làm ~
Considerable: nhiều, đáng kể
Train: đào tạo
2. Khi diễn tả một sự việc lặp đi lặp lại hay một thói quen
Ex: We usually spend much money on advertising
Những trạng từ diễn tả hành động lặp đi lặp lại hoặc thói quen
Always often usually
frequently every day every year
3. Trường hợp khác
Sự việc diễn ra trong thời gian ngắn bây giờ, phải dùng thì hiện tại tiếp diễn
Be + V-ing
Ex: They are planning to build a new plant now.
Plan to do: dự định làm
Build: xây dựng
Plant: nhà máy
Bài tập 5:
1. It usually (will take/ takes) one hour to get to the City Hall.
2. I (read/ have read) a book every morning.
3. He usually (goes/will go) to work at 7:30
4. The company (recruits/ is recruiting) an experienced sales manager now.
Bài tập 6:
1. The public library usually … no fees for local residents to borrow books.
(A) will change (B) charging
(C) to charge (D) charges
2. Every month, we … a monthly business meeting.
(A) will have (B) have
(C) having (D) has
3. The department heads frequently … with the overseas marketing team.
(A) to meet (B) will meet
(C) meet (D) meeting
4. A good supervisor … encouragement to employees.
(A) gave (B) is giving
(C) given (D) gives
5. We are now … our efforts to provide better services to our customers.
(A) increase (B) increasing
(C) increases (D) increased
BÀI TẬP LUYỆN TẬP:
Part V Chọn từ thích hợp để điền vào chỗ trống dưới đây.
1. The blueprint for the office building __________ finished by next week.
(A) will have (B) have
(C) are (D) will be
2. The president __________ the office early every Friday.
(A) will leave (B) left
(C) is leaving (D) leaves
3. The recruitment of sales personnel __________ last week.
(A) is ending (B) will end
(C) ends (D) ended
4. By next Friday, all budget reports __________ reviewed by the accounting
team.
(A) will be (B) are
(C) have (D) were
5. I knew Mr. Kim’s resignation when I __________ his office last Tuesday.
(A) will visit (B) visited
(C) visiting (D) visit
Part VI Điền vào chỗ trống trong mẩu quảng cáo sau.
Starting next week, the new City Library _________ a variety of services to meet the
needs of all
6. (A) will provide (B) provides
(C) provided (D) providing
citizens. In the past, it _________ impossible to provide those services due to the lack
of
7. (A) has (B) was
(C) is (D) will be
technology and equipment. We always _________ comments and suggestions that may
help us serve you better. If you have any suggestions on how we can improve, let us know.
8. (A) welcomed (B) will welcome
(C) welcome (D) welcomes
BÀI TẬP THỰC HÀNH
Bài tập 1:
Choose one correct option in the parentheses.
01 Mr. Chen (finished, finish) reviewing the summary yesterday.
02 We often (announce, will announce) the date for interviews in a local paper.
03 The board (convened, will convene) an executive session tomorrow.
04 Many workers (go, went) abroad in 2003.
05 Next Tuesday, the ship (will leave, left) the harbor at 12 p.m.
06 Ms. Cooper (met, meets) one of her European clients three days ago.
Choose the correct option for each of the following sentences.
07 The hotel’s recreational facilities _____ a swimming pool and tennis courts.
(A) include (C) inclusion
(B) includes (D) to include
08 Some experts predict that urban areas _____ 98 percent of the world’s population by 2050.
(A) hold (C) will hold
(B) held (D) holding
09 Some experts predict that urban areas _____ 98 percent of the world’s population by 2050.
(A) hold (C) will hold
(B) held (D) holding
10 Several computer manufacturers _____ their new lines in the next several months
(A) introduce (C) introduction
(B) will introduce (D) be introduced
Bài tập 2: Choose one correct option in the parentheses.
01 Ms. Tracy (is preparing, was preparing) the annual report now.
02 Our CEO (will be attending, was attending) an important workshop at this time yesterday.
03 This time tomorrow, Chris (is attending, will be attending) an important conference.
04 She (worked, was working) on her report when the fire took place.
05 Mr. McCain (is returning, was returning) to Korea now.
06 We (were making, will be making) arrangements for the Trade Conference tomorrow.
Choose the correct option for each of the following sentences.
07 Ms. Thomas _____ in the employee development session at 3 o’clock yesterday
(A) participates (C) is participating
(B) to participate (D) was participating
08 Wellton supermarket _____ its customers a 20 percent discount until Monday.
(A) offered (C) will be offering
(B) is offering (D) was offering
09 The manufacture _____ changes to its billing procedures now.
(A) implements (C) implementing
(B) implemented (D) is implementing
10 The memo informed us that the company _____ the renovation of the office next month.
(A) is carrying out
(B) has been carrying out
(C) will be carrying out
(D) is being carrying out

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